LANGUAGE ATTITUDES AMONG TEENAGERS AND ITS EFFECT: A CASE STUDY OF TEENAGERS IN IKPOBA HILL, BENIN CITY
This work seeks to explain the attitudes exhibited by teenagers in Ikpoba Hill, Benin City to their Edo language. Most work done in this field is centered on language loss/death. Therefore this work will be concerned on the attitudes exhibited by teenagers to their Edo language vis-à-vis English and pidgin and its effect.
The framework of this research is based on socio-linguistics approach of Baker (1992) in his work titled: Attitudes and Language.
This study is divided into five (5) chapters; chapter one is basically an introduction of the research to be carried out. Chapter two is the reviewing of relevant and related literatures, chapter three deals with sources of data collection such as questionnaires only. Chapter four highlights on language attitude among teenagers in Ikpoba Hill and its effect (a brief discussion), and findings, while chapter five is conclusion and recommendations of the research, including references and appendix.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Contents vii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of Study 1
1.2 Significance and Scope of Study 2
1.3 Purpose of this Study 3
1.4 Methodology 3
1.5 Statement of Problem 4
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Concept of Attitude 5
2.1 Definition and Explanation of Language Attitude 8
2.2 Determinant of Language Attitude 11
2.2.1 The Home/Family 12
2.2.2 The Government 13
2.2.3 The School 15
2.2.4 Negligence/Ignorance 17
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Description of Instruments (Questionnaire) 26
Population of the Study 27
Method of Data Analysis 27
Data Presentation and Analysis 28
Data Analysis 28
4.0 Result/Effect of Language Attitude 43
4.1 Language Shift 43
4.2 Language Standardization 45
4.3 Language Death 46
1.1 Background of the Study
In the time past, language attitudes has been analyzed and debated upon with respect to how languages can be endangered, and how they can die. The two main points to be considered in this research are: attitude and language, and how teenagers manipulate them.
Attitude is defined as the way that one thinks and feels about somebody or something, the way that one behaves towards somebody or something that shows how one thinks and feels. While language is defined as the system of communication in speech and writing that is used by people of a particular country. Also, another dictionary definition of language is a particular style of speaking or writing.
So for the purpose of further development and preservation of the Edo language, this research is going to be concerned with the behaivour exhibited by teenagers in Edo State particularly those in the Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of the State to their indigenous language
1.2 Significance and Scope of the Study
The study “language attitudes among teenagers and its effects” is a study of how language is being approached and manipulated by teenagers in Ikpoba Hill district of Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of Edo State, for their day-to-day interaction, fellowship and relationship.
1.3 Purpose of this Study
This research aims at seeing why teenagers behave the way they do to language (what influence and inform the behaviour so exhibited to language), see the effect of their behaviour on their indigenous language, and proffer possible solutions aimed at internalizing the language in the minds of these teenagers thereby preserving the language.
In analyzing various related texts in relation to this field, a socio-linguistic method of approach is used in examining the behaviour or attitudes exhibited by teenagers in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of Edo State to their indigenous language vis-à-vis English and pidgin.
Also, questionnaires are used in the observation of their attitude to language as a means of data collection.
1.5 Statement of the Problem
Most language users do not see the language that they speak as a definition of their race, their culture, and their personality. Negligence, ignorance and quest to follow the current trend have left Africans in general and Nigerians in particular far from their root – their source/who they really are.
So in this research, ways in which we have drifted from our culture (through the embracing of a foreign language) are being elaborated upon, and suggestions on how to re-position our attitude to our indigenous language are made explicit.
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