The Research/Project Proposal is an important phase of project writing.

Once a project topic had been chosen, the project supervisor is expected to demand of the student researcher the written project proposal. The project proposal represents a type of plan, which assists to expose the intention as well as the knowledge the student researcher has about the chosen project topic. It is a kind of insight into the student’s level of understanding of the research problems relating to the chosen project topic.

The Project Proposal is pretty comparable to an architectural plan, which offers an insight into what the final building structure will appear like upon completion. It is in this plan that every feasible specification regarding the house to be built is highlighted. It is in the similar manner that the research project proposal seeks to present the nature, rationale and technique of conducting the investigation; a form of action-plan.

Therefore, from the project proposal, the student researcher gets his ideas sharpened; as he utilizes his intelligence in conceiving the plan of his research from the beginning through to the end. That manner, the student and his project supervisor will have a incredible success from the project proposal, helping as the foundation of the building. From this point, all the apparent structural defects that could so basically affect the construction are adjusted for better once and for all.

By doing so, both of them are certain of a good structure in terms of what comes on the good foundation consequently. Certainly, the project proposal is a kind of master plan, which assists to guide towards flawlessness in the process of conducting a research. It is a form of outline score-sheet revealing the plans that are involved in conducting a research work.


Even though there is no one generally acceptable paradigm on what goes into a Research Project Proposal, considers the following as very important to any good proposal:

  1. The Research Project Topic
  2. Background to the Study
  3. Statement of the Problem
  4. Purpose/Objectives of the Study
  5. Research Questions
  6. Research Hypothesis
  7. Significance of the Study
  8. Scope/Limitation of the Study
  9. Research Design/Method
  10. Population, Sample and Sampling Procedure
  11. Method of Data Collection and Analysis

By the time the student researcher had written on the above sub-headings, he would have created a credible idea of what he proposes doing and how he plans going about it. At this junction, he will be able to bring together his project topic with his research objectives; and the methodology to be adopted. The process would have helped student researcher to know the likely contributions of his research to knowledge base in the chosen field.

It will also assist in revealing specific inadequacies that may attend to the conduct of the research as being proposal. This is because, the dissertations under each of the subheadings above draws the student researcher closer to an enhanced understanding, and certainly, better grasp of the significant and central problems the research work is solving.



  1. this is really helpful. one question i have is, since most components of chapter one are already part of the research proposal a student submits, is the student permitted to lift paragraphs from his proposal into the main project without being tagged as plagiarism? Especially since he was the original creator of the proposal.

  2. Thanks for the comment. You can actually lift paragraphs from your proposal into the main project since it is the same project/degree.

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