Concise Overview Of The Research Process

Whatever methodology is used in carrying out a research work, a basic blueprint of the research process has been simply described with the six easy-to-understand steps in this article:


The first step is to choose what you’ll be researching (research problem) and how you’ll go about doing the study. Determine the focus of the research, define the issue, and develop a working hypothesis.


Review of the available literature

You should do some background reading to assist you refine your research question(s), focus, and approach. Conduct a literature review critically to evaluate your study against previous studies and provide background information. A number of preceding phases interact with this one.

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The study’s aims, key questions, and hypotheses

Establish precise inquiries and/or hypotheses.


Techniques, methods, and plans for doing research

Choose a method and layout for your study that will allow you to get at your research questions and map out your strategy.

Figure out what information you’d want to keep track of and where you’ll be able to find it (sampling).

Fact-finding and Information-Gathering


Analyzing the data

The data is organized to describe and emphasize the findings of the study. The data is described and correlations between topics or objects of interest are measured or explored using analytical methods.


Generalization and Reporting

The researcher synthesizes the data, makes inferences about the data, and draws conclusions or tests hypotheses about the data, all while recognizing the research’s limits.