The function of a research questionnaire used for research data collection cannot be over emphasized. Questionnaires are a collection of typed and printed or handwritten questions with space for choices of answers in a given grade or order, particularly created for the purpose of a research survey or a statistical research. It can also be a printed group of questions that are given to people (respondents) in a bid to obtain facts or opinions about a specific topic of study. This is primarily a research or survey questions used for collecting specific responses from respondents.
The following are the vital purposes of Research Questionnaires:
- To gather a particular fact of interest
- To organize collected data for analysis in a comparable and amendable manner.
- To reduce bias in the preparation and asking of questions.
- To breakdown the research questions in an appealing and interesting way.
The Research Questionnaire is used in collecting primary data directly from the study respondents.
The quality or accuracy of a research survey centers on the response obtained from the respondents; this can only be accomplished through the use of questionnaire that is constructed to measure the level of relationship without bias. Questionnaires that are biased can but only collect prejudiced answers or biased answers from the target respondents which can eventually lead to a lowered precision or accuracy of the research experiment, survey or statistical research. For the accuracy level of a research survey to be as high as possible, well-balanced and unbiased independent answers have to be obtained from respondents and this can only be accomplished through a questionnaire that is unbiased and simple or interesting.
The following are the little clues that can assist you in creating a first class questionnaire for your research or survey purposes.
QUESTIONNAIRE SHOULD BE STRAIGHT TO THE POINT
When creating a questionnaire, the drafted questions have to be straight to the point; this is required to prevent boringness on the part of the respondents which may eventually affect the responses. Only applicable questions should be included.
QUESTIONNAIRE SHOULD BE SIMPLE AND CLEAR
In other to get independent responses to the questions raised, these research questions should be as very clear and simple. The more simple and clear your questions are, the higher your chances of obtaining unbiased response. Your questions should be straightforward, understandable and accurate. The language you used should be very simple so that respondents may understand without any difficulty.
PRIVATE QUESTIONS SHOULD BE AVOIDED
In drafting a first class questionnaire, the confidentiality of respondents should be faithfully preserved. Doing away with private questions would help enhance the trust and support of respondents and this would assist in obtaining more effective and accurate responses during the process.
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QUESTIONS MUST BE IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
In order to raise interesting and engaging question for the respondents, questions raised should be in sequential or chronological arrangement. The order of the questions should be such that the research question should be irregular. It must follow a consistent drift of questions.
DATA SHOULD BE CONFIDENTIAL
In order to collect the needed data from respondents, they should be guaranteed that the confidentiality of some questions they have qualms about is assured. Each respondent should be certain that information given in the questionnaire will be kept privately.
QUESTIONNAIRE SHOULD BE APPEALING
Adequate attention should be given to the arrangement of the questionnaire to make it attractive. A well structured questionnaire will surely amaze the respondent and this would really enhance their desire to answer questions raised without being tired.